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Actors and patterns of cooperation and conflict
Russia, Norway and the High North - Past, Present, Future
The United States in the 21 Century Arctic
Defining an Interest: The European Union and the High North
The Power of Energy
Law of the Sea and Ocean Governance
Climate Change and Environmental Protection

The maritime delimitation treaty

7 July: the new maritime delimitation treaty between Russia and Norway enters into force.

The treaty, which was signed in Murmansk 15 September 2010, has been called a milestone in the relationship between Norway and Russia. The Norwegian Foreign Minister, Jonas Gahr Støre, said that  the "treaty creates new opportunities for petroleum activities and cooperation in areas of the Barents Sea that have so far been closed to such activities. This is the start of a new chapter in our cooperation with our Russian neighbour."

See article in The Moscow Times and media comment in the Norwegian paper Aftenposten.

On 7 June 2011 Russia and Norway exchanged the ratification documents of the delimitation treaty in an official cerimony in Oslo.

From the signing of the Delimitation agreement in Murmansk


8 April Russia's President Medvedev signed the the ratified agreement with Norway on the maritime delimitation in the Barents Sea and the Arctic Ocean and the Norwegian-Russian Barents Sea border treaty will become law in 30 days.

  • Press release from Kremlin HERE
  • News from Barents Observer HERE

More background on the delimitation treaty   

On 25 March 2011, the Russian State Duma adopted the law on ratification of the delimitation agreeement with Norway on the maritime delimitation in the Barents Sea and the Arctic Ocean. The agreement was sent to the State Duma on 10 February 2011, two days after it was ratified by Stortinget, the Norwegian parliament.

311 members of the parliament from the United Russia party voted in favor of ratification, while the 57 votes against came from the Communist Party. The two other parties represented in the State Duma, the Liberal Democratic Party of Russia (40 seats), and the Fair Russia party (38 seat) chose not to take part in the voting.

Subsequently, the law on ratification of the delimitation agreement was approved by the upper house of the Russian Parliament, the Council of Federation on March 30, 2011 (Ria novosti) and it will become law 30 days after it is signed by President Dmitry Medvedev.

For more information on the ratification debate in the State Duma, see

See also older sources on the Russian ratification: 


The Norwegian ratification of the maritime delimitation treaty
8 February 2011, the Norwegian Parliament, Stortinget, ratified the agreeement with Russia on delimitation of the Barents Sea and Arctic Oceans.

  • See the Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs and Defense's recommendation from 2 February and minutes from the Parliamentary debate on 8 February linked here (in Norwegian)
  • Press release from the Norwegian MFA 
  • See also comment in the Norwegian paper Aftenposten (in Norwegian) 
  • Comment in the Barents Observer 

Norway and Russia signed the historic treaty on maritime delimitation and cooperation in the Barents Sea and the Arctic Ocean in Murmansk in October 2010. The treaty was signed by Foreign Ministers Jonas Gahr Støre and Sergei Lavrov in the presence of Prime Minister Jens Stoltenberg and President Dmitry Medvedev in Murmansk 

After almost four decades of negotiations the Norwegian Prime Minister Stoltenberg and Russian President Medvedev announced on 27 April 2010 that they had reached a breakthrough and that a deal would be signed. 

Other relevant readings on the maritime delimitation line:

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Norwegian Institute for defence Studies CSIS Fritjof Nansen Institute Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik University of Tromsø Moscow State Institute of International Relations (University) of the MFA of Russia University of Oslo Institute of general history Norwegian Defence Research Establishment Econ Pöyry
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