The High North has been defined as Norway’s most important strategic priority area in the years ahead.
The Norwegian Government's Strategy for the High North (2006)
New Building Blocks in the North. The next step in the Government's High North Strategy (2009)
Opportunities and Challenges in the North, Report No. 30 to the Storting (2005)
The Ministry of Foreign Affair's High North web site
Comment by Kristine Offerdal, research fellow at the IFS:
In December 2006 The Norwegian Government’s High North Strategy was released. The overall goal is to create sustainable growth and development in the High North according to three overarching principles: presence, activity and knowledge.
Seven main policy priorities are set out:
- exercise authority in the High North in a credible, consistent and predictable way
- be at the forefront of international efforts to develop knowledge in and about the region
- be the best steward of the environment and natural resources in the High North
- provide a suitable framework for further development of petroleum activities
- safeguard the livelihoods, traditions and cultures of indigenous peoplesdevelop people-to-people cooperation
- strengthen cooperation with Russia
The strategy aims at reaching these goals through increased international collaboration on resource exploitation, environmental management and research. An active dialogue with neighbours, partners and allies, and particularly with Russia is the main method.
In its follow-up of the High North Strategy in March 2009, Nye byggesteiner i nord (New building blocks in the North), the main policy goals and methods are the same. The Government then takes the old strategy a step further by providing a broad range of concrete suggestions of measures to be taken within the following priority areas:
- development of knowledge about climate change and environment
- strengthening of maritime surveillance, emergency preparedness and security
- encourage sustainable development of petroleum and renewable resources
- contribute to land-based economic development
- infrastructure development
- continue a firm assertion of sovereignty and strengthen cross-border cooperation
- secure the culture and livelihood of indigenous peoples
The new document provides a more dynamic definition of the High North concept than the strategy of 2006, which geographically, mainly included the Barents Sea area. The new document emphasizes that with more international collaboration in the region, "the High North" will become synonymous with "the circumpolar Arctic".